Dealing with the treatment of teeth and jaws, orthodontics, is one of the oldest branches of dentistry. Orthodontics treatment helps in correcting wayward, decayed and crooked teeth which threaten to hamper our smile. In short, they help in the overall preservation of our dental health.
Scope of Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatments are used to correct the following irregularities.
Overbite – also known as buck bite, this condition occurs when the upper row of teeth sticks out over the lower teeth row.
Underbite – this condition occurs when lower row teeth appear far in front of the upper row of teeth. This is also called bull dog appearance.
Crossbite – this condition is defined when the front teeth on the upper row and lower row do not coincide when biting together.
Openbite – this occurs when a space occurs between the side of front tooth when the molars are bitten together
Misplaced midline – this occurs when the central midline between the upper front teeth and lower front teeth do not coincide together.
Spacing – gaps due to missing teeth or not filled up spaces can be treated with orthodontics treatment.
Crowding – dental crowding occurs when the more tooth than what the ridge can support crowd together.
Orthodontic treatment is decided based on a diagnosis done with the help of physical examination, X-rays and so on. The different methodologies used for treatment involves fixed or removable appliances which helps in influencing the growth of jaws, movement of teeth and retraining the muscles.
The orthodontic treatment measures include: -
Braces – the most common orthodontic treatment appliance, it helps in teeth alignment. With advancement in technology, a wide variety of braces are available. Aligners are their removable counterparts
Space maintainers – these are used to reserve space for the teeth to grow back. This helps in avoiding teeth crowding.
Jaw repositioning appliances – these are used for positioning and retainaing the jaw positions in issues like TMJ.
Palatal expander – these are used in widening the curve of upper jaw with the help of palatal plates that are placed in the roof of the mouth.
A multispecialty dental centre, Srivari Dental Clinic, based in Chennai, is equipped with the latest technology infrastructure and treatment options.
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